Country Programs Overview

At Family by Adoption Inc. we manage the complexity of international adoption programs and process and complete adoptions abroad for the children and families we serve.

The agency does international relative adoptions from several countries and is licensed to facilitate non-relative adoptions from South Africa, Nigeria, Haiti, Guyana, Ethiopia and Ghana.  If you are inquiring about adopting an identified child from a different country than those listed here, we may be able to assist you on the basis of obtaining a one-time Ministry licence to do so.  Contact us to learn more about each program so that you can decide which program is right for your family.

International adoption programs change and evolve over time. Such changes may include eligibility requirements of applicants, oversight systems abroad, documentation required, timelines and fees.  We strive to keep our families informed of any changes if and when they occur and communicate information regularly through our agency memos.  Our staff is on-site daily.

Below is a overview of our current programs.

flag-southafrica_SMSOUTH AFRICA

  • Each applicant must be between the ages of 25 and 44 at the time of application
  • Children adopted are approximately ages 1 to 3 years at time of proposal
  • Older applicants may be matched with older children and applicants who are age 45 and up at the time of matching must be willing to adopt a child who is up to age 3
  • Single applicants are accepted but currently the agency is at capacity until further notice
  • Married applicants must be married for a minimum of two (2) years
  • No history of cancer or mental health disability or major depression
  • At least one person of a couple must be a Canadian citizen
  • No record of criminal convictions
  • More information


  • For couples at least one applicant must be at least age 30 and both must be no older than age 50 years
  • Single applicants must be over age 35
  • Single female applicants, without children and under age 50 are eligible
  • Married couples, who have been married for at least 5 years
  • Common law partners must verify a committed relationship for more than 5 years
  • More information

 Flag_of_Guyana GUYANA

  • Applicants must be between the ages of 18 and 65 to adopt
  • The age difference between the adopter and the adoptee must be no more than 50 years and no less than 17 years
  • Single female applicants are eligible to adopt
  • Applicants who are married, defined as one woman and one man and/or who have been in a common law relationship for more than 5 year
  • Children over the age of 12 must give their consent to the adoption
  • More information 

Flag_of_Ghana GHANA

  • Applicants must be at least age 25 to adopt
  • There must be at least 21 years age difference between the applicant and the adopted child
  • Married couples are eligible
  • Single female applicants are eligible if they are Ghana nationals
  • Ghana does not recognize common law partnerships within applications
  • Applicants must be resident in Ghana for a minimum of three months prior to the adoption of a child. Applicants may make a request to the court to waive this requirement.  This decision is made by the Ministry of Social Welfare if it finds that to do so is in the best interests of the child.
  • More information


  • Applicants must be at least age 25 and the combined ages of both applicants of a couple cannot exceed 100
  • There must be at least 21 years age difference between the child and adopter unless the child is a relative
  • Eligibility requirements vary dependent on the Nigerian State, to be confirmed at the time of application
  • Married couples and single females are eligible to adopt
  • Nigeria does not recognize common law partnerships within adoption applications
  • More information

flat-ethiopia_SM ETHIOPIA

  • Applicants must be between the ages 25 and 50 to adopt
  • Married couples, defined as one man and one woman are eligible to adopt; must be married at least 2 years
  • Single female applicants are eligible to adopt
  • Applicants may not have more than 2 children (biological or adopted) to adopt
  • More information

Since 1993, in addition to our current programs the agency has completed adoptions for relatives and non-relatives from various countries including Russia, Ukraine, Eritrea, Antigua, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Uganda.

View our current Programs Summary Chart

Application Form

Application Instructions: If you wish to apply to adopt through Family by Adoption Inc. you must print, complete, sign and mail the attached application form to our agency office for review. Families cannot proceed to the next step of registering for a specific country program until their application to Family by Adoption Inc. is accepted.  The information you provide is confidential.  If you have any questions about the application process, please contact us at 416 449-0018 or